Eczema Responsible Physician Dr. Katerina Kyriakou Dermatologist - Venereologist It is an inflammatory skin condition (non-contagious), with the most common symptoms being swelling, redness, itching, cracking and peeling of the skin. Eczema is the name of a set of skin diseases that have the above symptoms in common. It occurs more often in infants and children; however, it is also common in adults.The areas most affected are the face, trunk and limbs.What are the common causes of eczema? Genetic factorsDryness of the skinAnxietyIncreased contact with soaps and detergents, as well as constant wetting of hands (irritant dermatitis)Contact with industrial products e.g. metals, tires, resins, clothing, plants, light, perfumes, cosmetics, drugs (allergic dermatitis)Is there a way to prevent eczema? Regular skin hydrationAvoid skin contact with irritating or allergenic substancesHow is eczema treated?The treatment is done with the use of moisturizing-softening creams and mild cleansers (soaps, gels). Topical corticosteroids or their combination with a topical antibiotic cream are the first line of treatment. Systemic antihistamines and corticosteroids can be used in more intense situations.