Botox (Botulinum toxin) Responsible Physician Dr. Katerina Kyriakou Dermatologist - Venereologist Responsible Physician Ioannis Kaloudis Plastic Surgeon Botulinum toxin is a neurotoxic protein produced by the microorganism Clostridium Botulinum and its injectable form is the well-known Botox. Its role is to block the peripheral release of acetylcholine at neuromuscular synapses, thereby inhibiting muscle contraction.Botulinum toxin type A has a medical and cosmetic role. It is the most effective treatment for facial wrinkles, specifically the forehead, mid-brow, the so-called "crow's feet" or wrinkles in the neck area. The treatment is painless after application of anesthetic ointment to the area and lasts 20 minutes. The result appears gradually and may take up to 15 days, while it may last up to 6 months.In Medicine, it is also used to treat hyperhidrosis in the armpit, palm or sole area, while it has a wide application in migraines and muscle dystonias.